The AI Index — All the Cool Things that AI Can Do

If you’ve been following along here at JCC, then you’ll know we’re constantly discovering new and exciting uses for artificial intelligence. Inside this index, you’ll find a diverse collection of AI use cases that are dramatically changing the way we live, work, and move throughout the world.

Most of these applications are currently in action and represent a menu of services and automations that JCC can help you deploy in your own business. Whether you are looking to analyze images from satellite data or create novel systems for efficient data transfer, JCC’s army of AI experts, technologists, and data scientists can help you achieve your future-facing goals.

Health and Wellness

AI can stop child abuse.

Google’s new AI stops the spread of child pornography across the internet. Previously, an image could only be blocked if human reviewers had already tagged a previous copy as child pornography. Now the AI image-recognition technology sorts thousands of images to identify the most likely to depict child abuse. The system allows anti-child abuse crusaders to more quickly and efficiently block content, leading to more children being found and protected and fewer reviewers being exposed to the troubling material.

AI can identify tumor mutations.

New York University scientists have trained a deep learning algorithm to identify lung cancer with 97% accuracy. Following this success, the team went a step further and trained the same algorithm to distinguish between two types of lung cancer. According to Wired, differentiating between different forms of cancer is essential to improving patient outcomes and saving lives.

AI can predict obesity — all the way from space.

 

Researchers at the University of Washington recently combined two data sets, satellite imagery and statistics on obesity, to determine a correlation between city design and people’s health. As Smithsonian Magazine points out, the AI model identified common-sense factors that predicted lower obesity rates such as more parks, gyms and green spaces in a given neighborhood. But other findings were less obvious: more pet stores led to lower obesity rates, perhaps because pet owners were taking more walks.

AI can develop new medical treatments.

 

Harvard Chemistry Professor Alán Aspuru-Guzik recently developed a generative AI that can create never-before-used, drug-like molecules for potential use in drug treatment. The system combines slices of other molecules into new structures — all filtered for properties such as solubility and being easy to synthesize. The hope is this technology will greatly accelerate the process by which new medical treatments are discovered.

Transportation

 

AI can beef up airport security.

 

Combining AI and biometrics, the Swedish air transport communications firm SITA recently deployed AI-powered facial recognition to airports across the U.S. The technology has already succeeded in preventing someone using a fake passport from entering the country illegally.

AI can be the next Top Gun.

 

The U.S. Air Force is exploring whether an AI jet engine, ALPHA, can be deployed in combat. Currently, the Air Force uses AI in dogfight training simulators, frequently beating human adversaries. However, the technology may soon be brought out of the world of video games and onto the battlefield.

AI can reduce fuel consumption.

 

VentureBeat recently outlined the many ways that in-vehicle AI will decrease fuel consumption and costs as cars arrive at their destinations more quickly due to fewer traffic jams and accidents. The website also notes the many up-and-down-stream environmental benefits as pollution decreases.

AI can predict accidents.

 

UK-based technology solutions provider JCC Bowers (and author of this report) has developed an algorithm to predict traffic accidents and promote safe driving. Once deployed, the new AI-powered technology will make it easier for drivers, municipalities, and insurance companies to assess risk. Not only will it empower vehicle operators to avoid accident-prone hotspots but it will also help smart cities pinpoint where life-saving infrastructure improvements are needed.

Smart Cities and Infrastructure

 

AI can automatically manage traffic lights.

 

The Telegraph recently reported that AI-powered traffic lights have debuted in the UK city of Milton Keynes. The £3 million technology can identify a traffic bottleneck and adjust the traffic light pattern to ease congestion.

AI can reduce traffic jams.

 

Computer scientists at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore have developed an AI to minimize sudden traffic snarls by rerouting vehicles. Their research suggests that deploying these route optimizations to just 10% of the cars on the road would improve traffic for everyone.

Astronomy

 

AI can detect alien signals.

 

The Independent reports that an AI program analyzed 400 terabytes of astronomical data to identify 72 fast radio bursts. These rare, mysterious signals are believed to originate from a galaxy 300 billion light years away. Scientists wonder if they’re caused by magnetized neutrons or possibly other forms of life.

AI can pinpoint the Mars Rover.

 

During an 8-week workshop, a team of space scientists and computer programmers built an AI-powered method for helping NASA locate a planetary rover as soon as it touches down. Currently, the process is both slow and laborious, requiring scientists to compare photos the space robot takes of its landing location to satellite maps. The process can take up to 24 hours. With this AI, that’s no longer the case.

Computer Science

 

AI can prevent cyber attacks.

 

The cybersecurity firm Trend Micro employs machine learning algorithms to protect web surfers. In one example, the company trained its AI to predict whether an unknown file type was malicious or not. In another, Trend Micro’s “Writing Style DNA” technology prevents email spoofing by comparing your typical writing style to new emails sent from your account to identify when you’ve been hacked.

AI can make an app for that.

 

Rice University recently developed an AI that can write software by pulling from a database of code snippets. You simply tell the system what kind of program you’d like to build, and it will spit out computer code based on its best guess. Funded by Google and the U.S. military, the system bases its decisions on the code of about 1,500 Android apps in its data set.

AI can learn through trial and error.

 

Last year, Wired reported on Brett, a robot in Berkeley that is teaching itself to put a square peg into a square hole. As the story goes on to explain, true AI will never be achievable until robots are able to teach and refine themselves. Otherwise, machines will have to rely on the instruction and programming of humans in order to function. By giving robots the tools to solve their own problems, researchers expect to drastically expand the capabilities of this nascent technology.

AI can reproduce.

 

Google’s AutoML is an AI system that can automatically create another AI algorithm to complete tasks. The “child” AI is remarkable in that it has outperformed every other human-built system like it. In this case, the task was accurately detecting imageS. The “child” AI achieved a prediction accuracy of 87.2% — 1.2% higher than all other published results.

Enterprise

 

AI can source employees.

 

A recent report from Deloitte found that 40% of companies are using artificial intelligence to help them find and retain talent, and companies that use such tools show 18% higher revenue and 30% greater profitability compared to those who don’t. Additionally, companies that leverage these technologies reduce gender, race and other biases by focusing on data to find great candidates.

AI can serve customers.

 

Ever since the advent of ‘Press 1 for English and 2 for Spanish’, companies have been working to refine the customer service experience. Pypestream, a new startup in this space, is using AI-powered text messaging to provide a seamless, nearly human, customer service experience. While most customers find talking to robotic voices annoying, texting with an AI program turns out to be far more pleasant.

Finance

 

AI can pick stocks.

 

The CEO of ETF Manager Group recently sat down with CNBC to discuss his AI-powered investment fund, AIEQ. Developed by a 20-year veteran of Intel, the system picks 100 stocks each day that are expected to do well in the short term. Playing the market successfully is, after all, based on information. Imagine how AI’s extraordinary powers of observation can trace correlations between investment data that humans might never notice.

AI can become your financial planner.

 

In collaboration with some of the world’s most powerful banks, computer scientists and data experts are using AI to put together sophisticated long-term investment models that help clients retire with ease. With AI as a sidekick, financial advisors are better able to tailor investments to customers’ needs and maximize returns.

Arts and Entertainment

 

AI can impersonate the president.

 

Researchers from the University of Washington ran voice recordings and video images of former President Obama through an AI program to simulate a realistic — but totally made up — speech to the nation. The end result is a tool to show someone saying something they most certainly never did. Comedian Jordan Peele used similar technology to make Obama appear to deliver a PSA about fake news.

AI can compose music.

 

In April of this year, Pierre Barreau gave a TED talk in which he showed off AIVA, an AI-trained music composer. Drawing on 30,000 of history’s greatest scores, the program can create music in virtually any genre. Barreau hopes to apply AI-crafted compositions in all sorts of ways from video games to movie scores to apps that contribute original music to every moment of our lives.

AI can entertain your kids.

 

In 2015, Cognitoys released Dino, a toy dinosaur powered by IBM’s supercomputer Watson. Dino offers kids all sorts of voice-activated interactivity. They can ask their pal questions, play games, and even write stories together. Dino was just the beginning. Currently, there are lots of AI toys on the market, from a race car track that’s like Mario Kart in real life to robots that kids can build themselves.

AI can win an Oscar.

 

Researchers at Adobe recently developed a technology that can help Hollywood pump out more blockbusters. The AI organizes and edits a movie’s audio and video tracksbased on creative parameters set by film auteurs to ensure everything from the actor’s facial expression to the delivery of dialogue combines for a seamless cinematic experience. Since one minute of screen time traditionally requires several hours of editing, speeding up the process is an absolute game changer.

AI can pen the next great Japanese novel.

 

In 2016, an AI program wrote a self-referential novella, called The Day A Computer Writes, that made it to the finals of a Japanese literary contest. Although the judges dinged the work for its poor character descriptions, they were surprised to discover a piece so well-structured. Writing about its entry into the creative arts, the AI author wrote in the novella, “I writhed with joy, which I experienced for the first time.”

So did we. :-)

Luke Renner

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